Looking at a blooming orchid, many flower growers do not even think about whether to buy this unusual plant or not. Of course, buy! But is it just as good to bloom at home?
Everyone knows that an orchid is a rather capricious plant and requires scrupulous care. It is possible to achieve re-flowering from it, if you know all the factors contributing to this and observe a certain mode of care. Then the bloom of orchids will last from 2 to 6 months. And some genera, like phalaenopsis or vanda, can bloom all year round.
So that the orchid blossoms ...
The frequency of blooming orchids depends on compliance with certain rules of care. For a plant to bloom, you should remember 9 important conditions that contribute to this.
1. Find out the age of the orchid
If you bought a non-flowering plant, and it is not in a hurry to please the floral arrow, perhaps it is still too young. Different types of orchids bloom between the ages of 1.5 and 3 years. To determine that the orchid is old enough, you need to count the number of shoots. In an adult plant, ready to bloom, they should be from 5 to 8. If the flowers on the orchid appear earlier is not always good. The fact is that too young a plant may not have enough strength to recover from flowering, and the orchid may die.
2. Do not move the pot
Many people know that moving for an orchid is a real stress. But this flower does not like even minor movements. The orchid responds to position in relation to the light. Therefore, if there is a need to rearrange the pot with a plant, it is necessary to place it with the same side to the source of lighting as it was before. Also, do not move the orchid during watering. Movement adversely affects the growth of the flower, especially at the time of emergence of the peduncle.
3. Pay attention to the roots.
As you know, the roots of orchids are actively involved in the process of photosynthesis, so it is important to ensure that they have enough light. Since it is not recommended to move the orchid once again, you should take care of the roots in advance. For example, instead of ceramic pots, it is better to use plastic transparent containers with a large number of drainage holes. It is not recommended to take containers with corrugated walls for planting this flower, since its roots have a peculiarity to grow to an uneven surface. In addition, sharp edges and elements can injure the root system, which will damage the entire plant.
4. Take care of the lighting
Sunlight is a very important factor affecting the blooming of the orchid. Without full daylight hours (10-12 hours per day), these plants will not bloom. Therefore, in the fall and winter, when there is very little natural light, flowers should be illuminated with lamps.
Phytolamps are special lamps designed for lighting up plants: they give a lot of bright light without drying out the air around flowers.
If the orchid released the flower in autumn or winter, then care should be taken to ensure that it does not die due to the short daylight hours. Without additional lighting in the dark season, the flower may stop developing or dry out. If it is not possible to illuminate the whole plant, it is enough to organize the illumination only for the tip of the peduncle. The main thing is to make sure that neither it nor the plant itself is heated.
5. Ensure the allowable temperature difference
The catalyst for the flowering of many orchid species is the slight difference between day and night temperatures. Therefore, for the orchid to bloom, at night the temperature should be 4-6 ° C lower than during the day. Of course, creating such conditions throughout the year is problematic. But from late spring to early fall, orchids can be maintained outdoors, where the temperature difference is reached naturally. In the cooler time, when the flowers should already live at home, rooms with orchids need to be aired. Only this should be done very carefully, remembering that these plants are very afraid of drafts.
6. Water the orchid properly.
You need to water the orchid after the soil dries out - this will allow you to avoid rotting of the roots. These requirements are valid both in summer and in winter and are applicable to both children and adult plants. However, there are some exceptions. After the orchid blooms, watering is to cut for about a month.
In nature, after flowering, orchids begin to set seeds, which should fly apart in several directions over several kilometers. This is possible only during dry periods, but not in the rainy season. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the orchid with conditions that are as close to natural as possible - then the flower will grow healthy and often bloom.
Before flowering and during his orchid required more intensive watering, than usual. Further, in the dormant period, specimens with rigid leaves and the presence of pseudobulb should be watered according to the basic principle (approximately 10-12 days).
7. Humidify the air around the plant.
Another important condition for flowering - humidity. If it is not enough, the orchid may stop growing or the unblown buds and flowers will prematurely dry on it.
To increase the humidity in the room where the orchid grows, you can put a plate with water next to the flower. Also in very dry periods (when the houses include heating) the plant should be sprayed. Suitable moisture for orchids - from 60% and above.
8. Choose the right fertilizer.
For fertilizing orchids is recommended to use compositions based on phosphorus and potassium, because they stimulate the appearance of flower buds. In addition, the use of such fertilizers ensures the formation of healthy and strong flowers in the plant. But nitrogen-based feedings are better not to get carried away: this element, on the contrary, inhibits the development of peduncles.
9. Do not be afraid to "frighten" the plant.
Sometimes, to make an orchid bloom, she needs to do a little stress. It happens that all the conditions for flowering are met, and the flower stubbornly does not want to let the arrow. This sometimes happens because the orchid is too good. In this case, all the forces the plant directs to the growth of green mass. One way to stimulate flowering is to “shock” the orchid a bit: reduce watering or rearrange the plant pot in a cooler place.
Period of rest at orchids
After flowering, an orchid begins a period of rest, when it begins to accumulate strength for a new flowering. Care at this time is no different from care in other periods. Flower still needs goodwateringhigh humidityenough illuminated and regularprevention against pests and diseases.
As for dressingthen their frequency and volume in the rest period should be reduced. If there is a need to transplant an orchid, then it's time to do this procedure right now, when the plant no longer blooms.
Transplanting is necessary if the roots stick out of the drainage hole, or the ground dries quickly after watering. As a rule, the need for this procedure appears after 2-3 years.
Are orchids suitable for cutting?
What could be more beautiful than a bouquet of orchids? Here only these flowers live not for long, and not every species is suitable for cutting. Let's try to figure out how to extend the life of an epiphytic bouquet and which orchids to choose.
Standing in a vase and maintaining freshness and flavor for a few weeks (and sometimes a month) can phalaenopsis, cymbidiums andpapiopedilums. Other orchids are at risk of not standing for hours, fading literally before our eyes.
If you buy orchids in the cut, look primarily at the petals and sepals. They should be shiny, as if covered with wax, and tough - then the orchid will stand for a long time.
How to extend the life of a bouquet of orchids:
- If the flowers were brought from the store, then they need update slices. Cut the stems should be diagonally. The procedure is recommended under running water stream. Update slices preferably every 2-3 days.
- Water for content cut orchids should be soft and clean: you can use boiled or filtered. Periodically it needs to be updated, topping up fresh.
- Cut orchids, as well as potted home orchids, are afraid of being too high and very low. temperatures. They are also recommended to be protected from drafts and bright sun.